Continuous Supply of Plasmodium vivax Sporozoites from Colonized Anopheles darlingi in the Peruvian Amazon


In vitro culture of Plasmodium vivax liver stages underlies key understandings of the fundamental biology of this parasite, particularly the latent, hyponozoite stage, toward drug and vaccine development. Here, we report systematic production of Plasmodium vivax sporozoites in colonized Anopheles darlingi mosquitoes in the Peruvian Amazon. Human subject-derived P. vivax-infected blood was fed to Anopheles darlingi females using standard membrane feedings assays. Optimizing A. darlingi infection and sporozoite production included replacement of infected patient donor serum with naïve donor serum, comparing anticoagulants in processing blood samples, and addition of penicillin–streptomycin and ATP to infectious blood meals. Replacement of donor serum by naïve serum in the P. vivax donor blood increased oocysts in the mosquito midgut, and heparin, as anticoagulant, was associated with the highest sporozoite yields. Maintaining blood-fed mosquitoes on penicillin–streptomycin in sugar significantly extended mosquito survival which enabled greater sporozoite yield. In this study, we have shown that a robust P. vivax sporozoite production is feasible in a malaria-endemic setting where infected subjects and a stable A. darlingi colony are brought together, with optimized laboratory conditions.

ACS Infectious Diseases
Gabriel Carrasco-Escobar
Gabriel Carrasco-Escobar
Assistant Professor

My research interests include infectious diseases epidemiology, causal inference, global health, Climate Change, Data Science, Urban Health, and Geospatial modeling & viz.